Brief History of Iran’s Revolutions

January 3, 2017

Compiled by Lisa Phillips of

Operation Ajax

by Jacob G. Hornberger

Operation Ajax was a covert operation by the US and British intelligence agencies in the early 1950s to topple Iran’s first democratically-elected government and replace it with a dictatorship. The operation included false-flag terror that resulted in the deaths of some 300 people.

The 1953 CIA coup in Iran was named “Operation Ajax” and was engineered by a CIA agent named Kermit Roosevelt, the grandson of President Theodore Roosevelt. Capitalizing on the oil-nationalization showdown between Iran and Great Britain, which had thrown Iran into chaos and crisis, Kermit Roosevelt skillfully used a combination of bribery of Iranian military officials and CIA-engendered street protests to pull off the coup.

The first stage of the coup, however, was unsuccessful, and the shah, who had partnered with the CIA to oust Mossadegh from office, fled Tehran in fear of his life. However, in the second stage of the coup a few days later, the CIA achieved its goal, enabling the shah to return to Iran in triumph … and with a subsequent 25-year, U.S.-supported dictatorship, which included one of the world’s most terrifying and torturous secret police, the Savak.

For years, the U.S. government, including the CIA, kept what it had done in Iran secret from the American people and the world, although the Iranian people long suspected CIA involvement. U.S. officials, not surprisingly, considered the operation one of their greatest foreign-policy successes … until, that is, the enormous convulsion that rocked Iranian society with the violent ouster of the shah and the installation of a virulently anti-American Islamic regime in 1979.

It is impossible to overstate the magnitude of anger and hatred that the Iranian people had for the U.S. government in 1979, not only because their world-famous democratically elected prime minister had been ousted by the CIA but also for having had to live for the following 25 years under a brutal and torturous dictatorship, a U.S.-government-supported dictatorship that also offended many Iranians with its policies of Westernization. In fact, the reason that the Iranian students took control of the U.S. embassy after the violent ouster of the shah in 1979 was their genuine fear that the U.S. government would repeat what it had done in 1953.

Source:  Operation Ajax

Islamic Revolution of 1979

Despite economical growth, there was much opposition against the Mohammad Reza Shah, and how he used the secret police, the Savak, to control the country. Strong Shi’i opposition against the Shah, and the country came close to a situation of civil war. The opposition was lead by Ayatollah Khomeini, who lived in exile in Iraq and later in France. His message was distributed through music cassettes, which were smuggled into Iran in small numbers, and then duplicated, and spread all around the country. This was the beginning of Iranian revolution.

On January 16 1979, the Shah left Iran. Shapour Bakhtiar as his new prime minister with the help of Supreme Army Councils couldn’t control the situation in the country anymore.

Ayatollah Khomeini returned to Iran on February 1. Ten days later Bakhtiar went into hiding, eventually to find exile in Paris. Processes against the supporters of the Shah started, and hundreds were executed.

On April 1, after a landslide victory in a national referendum in which only one choice was offered (Islamic Republic: Yes or No), Ayatollah Khomeini declared an Islamic republic with a new Constitution reflecting his ideals of Islamic government.

Ayatollah Khomeini became supreme spiritual leader (Valy-e-Faqih) of Iran. Subsequently many demonstrations were held in protest to the new rules, like extreme regulations on women’s code of dress.

On November 4: Iranian Islamic Students stormed the US embassy, taking 66 people, the majority Americans, as hostages. 14 were released before the end of November. In November: The republic’s first Prime Minister Mehdi Bazargan resigned.

In 1980 Abolhassan Beni Sadr was elected for president.

On September 22: Iraq massively invaded Iran, in the belief that Iran is too weak military to fight back. Iraq was claiming territories inhabited by Arabs (Southwestern oil-producing province of Iran called Khouzestan), as well as Iraq’s right over Shatt el-Arab (Arvandroud). Some battles were won in the favor of Iraq, but a supposedly weakened Iranian army achieved surprising defensive success.

In 1981, on January 20, the hostages in the US embassy were released, after long negotiations, where USA concedes to transfer money, as well as export military equipment to Iran.

In June, Beni Sadr was removed from power by Ayatollah Khomeini, and fleed to France in July. Former prime minister Mohammad Ali Rajai was elected president.

In August 30, President Rajai and his prime minister were killed in a bombing.

In October, Hojatoleslam Seyed Ali Khamenei was elected president.

Khamenei was one of the founders of the Islamic Republican Party, which dominated the Majlis (the national legislature) after the 1979 revolution. He was appointed to the Council of the Islamic Revolution in 1979, and between 1979 and 1981 he was a member of the Majlis, serving as deputy minister of defense, commander of the Revolutionary Guard, and representative on the Supreme Council of Defense. He also served several times as general secretary of the Islamic Republic Party.

By summer of 1982, Iraq’s initial territorial gains had been recaptured by Iranian troops that were stiffened with Revolutionary Guards. The Iraqi forces were driven out of Iran. The war extended to shooting of boats in the Persian Gulf, in an attempt to hurt the other country’s oil exports. As required by the constitution, he resigned the presidency in 1989.

On 20 August 1988, a cease fire was signed between Iran and Iraq. Both parties accepted UN Resolution 598.

Following Ayatollah Khomeini’s death on 3 June 1989 of a heart attack, Khamenei assumed the role of supreme spiritual leader. The Assembly of Experts (Ulama) met in emergency session on June 4 and elected President Khamenei the new Valy-e-Faqih (supreme spiritual leader), simultaneously promoting him to the status of ayatollah. And Hojatoleslam Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, speaker of the Majles (parliament) was elected as a president.

He graduated in the late 1950s as a Hojatoleslam, a Shiite clerical rank just below that of ayatollah. Opposed, like his mentor, to the rule of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, Rafsanjani became the exiled Khomeini’s chief agent in Iran, was arrested on several occasions, and spent three years in prison (1975-1977) for his activities.

In 1990-1991 Iran condemned both Iraq’s invasion in Kuwait and the allied forces actions against Iraq.

Rafsanjani was re-elected in 1993 but stepped down in 1997, since the Iranian constitution limits the president from seeking a third term. From 1995 was total ban on trade with Iran by USA.

In 1997 Hojatoleslam Mohammad Khatami was elected president by gaining almost 70 percent of the votes cast. He pursued political reform and opposed censorship. He is considered to be reformist towards democratization of Iran’s society and willing to normalize the relation with west and reduce tensions in the region.

Although popular among much of the Iranian public, these policies met considerable opposition from conservatives who controlled the legislature and judiciary.

Hojatoleslam Mohammad Khatami was again re-elected as president in 2001 election by greater mandate of Iranian people (almost 78% of the vote cast).

On 24 June 2005 Dr. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was elected as Iran’s sixth president. He swept to the presidential post with a stunning 17,046,441 votes out of a total of 27,536,069 votes cast in the runoff election.

In 2006, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was asked by MSNBC anchor Brian Williams to clarify his statements about the Holocaust.

Video (mirrored) published on October 8, 2006 courtesy of Goodfellow62


In 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad gave a speech at the United Nations in New York. Many of us in the Ron Paul Truth and Liberty Movement agreed with what Dr. Ahmadinejad said.

Video (mirrored) published on September 26, 2012 courtesy of RT


Israel Lobbyist – We Need a False Flag to Start War with Iran!

Patrick Clawson of the influential neocon Washington Institute for Near East Studies OPENLY suggests that the US should provoke Iran into taking the first shot.  Israel Lobbyist suggests False Flag attack to start war with Iran. Just like 911 in New York causing the deaths of American civilians and soldiers, a million dead Iraqis and for what?

Video (mirrored) published on September 25, 2012 courtesy of 88kmitchell

Gwenyth Todd – Whistleblower on Planned Iran War & WW3

Press TV’s documentary program “Untold Truths” is a revealing documentary film about the life and experiences of former White House Middle East policy adviser, Gwenyth Todd, who has now escaped to Australia to keep safe from FBI prosecution.

Video (mirrored) published on August 29, 2013 courtesy of ZeroFortyFive

Khomeini with his Sikh father in India هندی زاده خمینی

For more information: Khomeini with his Sikh father in India هندی زاده خمینی

US Navy Guards the Persian Gulf

The USS Midway relieved Constellation as the Indian Ocean contingency carrier on 16 April 1979. This unscheduled deployment was due to USS Ranger colliding with tanker Liberian Fortune near the Straits of Malacca, with Midway taking over Rangers mission while it went in for repair. Midway and its escorts continued a significant American naval presence in the oil-producing region of the Arabian Sea and Persian Gulf. On 18 November, the aircraft carrier arrived in the northern part of the Arabian Sea in connection with the continuing hostage crisis in Iran. Militant followers of the Ayatollah Khomeini, who had come to power following the overthrow of the Shah, seized the U.S. Embassy in Tehran on 4 November and held 63 U.S. citizens hostage. Midway was joined 21 November by Kitty Hawk, and both carriers, along with their escort ships, were joined by Nimitz and its escorts on 22 January 1980. Midway was relieved by Coral Sea on 5 February.

Iran Regime Change 2.0: C.I.A. Attempting To Overthrow Yet Another Administration In Tehran

by The Millennium Report

Will the C.I.A. eventually brand this color revolution in Iran a green one? The spooks have already furnished their countless agents inside of Iran with nicely designed green protest posters (written in English and held by crisis actors) going back to 2007 and 2008 when the U.S. Intelligence Community was exporting their new brand of “Greenbacked Democracy”.  The C.I.A. want Iran to have the best democracy that US dollars can buy.

UPDATE: CIA-Directed Coup in Iran Goes Violent, Foreign Agents Attempt To Take Over Police Stations And Military Bases

Zio-Anglo-American Warmongering Against Iran Will Trigger Hot Phase Of World War III

The Millennium Report

“The Neocon Zionists are fomenting regime change in Iran more aggressively than ever.   Such a misguided endeavor will never end well for any of the parties involved.  In fact, the clandestine perpetrators will only succeed at bringing more unwanted attention to their destined-to-fail  Greater Israel project.”

—Former Military Officer & Intelligence Analyst

Their handwriting is all over recent events in Iran.  The Neocon Zionists can no longer hide their false flag attacks and black operations, especially those which are carried out anywhere in the Middle East.

First, a highly coordinated series of unexpected protests broke out in major cities across Iran this weekend. US State Department Hints At Iran Overthrow: Are We Witnessing The Early Stages Of Regime Change?

Really, who else but the C.I.A. has the cash to entice so many Iranians out of their homes during the cold winter months to protest in the city square?  This is what they do—regime change and color revolutions around the world, one way or another.  Even during the holidays or the Olympics like they did in Kiev in 2014.

The engineered fake protests in Iran this weekend were then immediately followed by an attack on a gas pipeline in southern Iran claimed by a radical Sunni terrorist group.  Jihadist Group Blows Up Oil Pipeline In Iran, In Midst Of Protests

From the looks of it, there is no question that these were both planned by agents of the Zio-Anglo-American Axis (ZAAA).  Who else has the will and the way, the power and the motive to take on Iran so brazenly?  Only the Neocon Zionists would be so foolish.

Are the Neocon Zionists really that stupid?

This question must be asked in view of their colossal failures in Syria, Iraq, Libya and Lebanon.  The Neocon Zionists also failed dismally with their attempted coup in Turkey, ultimately losing the southeastern flank of NATO.

It’s true that the Greater Israel project cannot proceed as long as Iran is the 800 pound gorilla sitting on the Mideast sofa.  But, then, such a misguided venture is so absurd and reckless and impossible that only the most foolhardy would attempt to undertake it in the first place.

The Greater Israel Project: A Zionist Scheme To Transform The Geopolitical Map Of The Mideast

Every major geopolitical player on the Mideast geopolitical chessboard knows that the continual outworking of the Greater Israel project will only bring the world closer to another major war.   They also know that by aggressively provoking Shiite Iran, the Neocon Zionists will be inciting Russia, China, and Turkey, as well as all the other Shiite-dominated nations throughout the Mideast.

Perhaps the ZAAA warmongers and imperialists who are still pushing the Greater Israel project truly believe that a hot phase of World War III centered in the Middle East will create the sufficient regional chaos necessary to achieve their nefarious objectives.  Is the Israeli government coercing the USA into a hot phase of WWIII?

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NEW YORK, NY – SEPTEMBER 27: Benjamin Netanyahu, Prime Minister of Israel, points to a red line he drew on a graphic of a bomb while addressing the United Nations General Assembly on September 27, 2012 in New York City. The 67th annual event gathers more than 100 heads of state and government for high level meetings on nuclear safety, regional conflicts, health and nutrition and environment issues. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)

Team Trump

It’s quite unfortunate that Team Trump is totally on board with this extremely dangerous and harebrained scheme.  Secretary of State Rex Tillerson even admitted so earlier this year.


President Trump has also made common cause with Bibi Netanyahu where it concerns isolating Iran as much as possible.[1]  That joint venture alone will consume so much time and energy and political capital so as to sabotage Trump’s domestic agenda, as well as further alienate those nations which Israel has bullied over the years. TRUMP’S BIGGEST MISTAKE: Making Common Cause With Netanyahu

Then there is the transparent Israeli agent who somehow became the US Ambassador to the United Nations.  How did such a pushy promoter of the Greater Israel project ever get appointed as the nation’s chief diplomat to the UN?! Why is the US Ambassador to the UN an Israeli agent?

All Nikki Haley does is offend her peers in the General Assembly whenever she addresses them from the podium.  As a matter of historical fact, there has never been another U.S. envoy who has berated the world community of nations as she has.  Nor has any other lost so much respect and trust in such a short period of time.

U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley: Russian FM Lavrov and Haaretz Called Her A Liar, Others Have Labeled Her An Israeli Agent

That’s the current assessment of the key players on Team Trump where it concerns Iran. Clearly, it makes for quite a combustible predicament throughout the Mideast.  Especially when you add to this mix a flamethrower like Jared Kushner (who also happens to be Netanyahu’s favorite Trump rep) one can see that the world is in a very perilous place. Trump & Netanyahu, Palestine & Jerusalem, Haley & Kushner—What’s really going on?

‘The US will attack 7 countries in 5 years’

There’s no question that, should Israel somehow push Trump into war with Iran, their once secret Greater Israel project will backfire again—BIG time!  The Neocon Zionists will undoubtedly live to regret this HUGE blunder like no other.  Surely these warmongers know what an unmitigated disaster they will create by waging war against an underestimated military powerhouse like Iran.  And yet these Zionist and Neocon shlemiels proceed to enter the lion’s den as though they’re taking a walk in the park.

It was retired 4-star General Wesley Clark who warned the whole world about the Greater Israel project back in October of 2007.  He quite courageously exposed the entire game plan after Iraq was destroyed on the basis of a single lie, but also well before the remaining nations on the Neocon target list were devastated.  General Clark revealed that “the US will attack 7 countries in 5 years” in the following video, and that Iran would be the last to fall.

VIDEO:  General Wesley Clark: The US will attack 7 countries in 5 years

Now that this CIA-coordinated black operation to carry out regime change in Iran has begun in earnest (during the Holidays while American are blissfully distracted), Clark’s prediction is eerily coming to complete fruition.  Of course, given the many obstacles and formidable challenges associated with executing such a bold coup d’état, the CIA’s close coordination with Israel’s Mossad, Britain’s MI6, Saudi Arabia’s GID, and France’s DGSE must be assumed.  In other words, the full force of the ZAAA nations will likely be marshaled to effectuate this colorless revolution.

The Neocons know that Iran has been prepping for this coup ever since the last one was carried out by the C.I.A. against their democratically elected Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh in 1953.  The cabal is also grimly aware that the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps poses a fierce and formidable fighting force that will not give up one inch of Iranian territory.  After all, the Revolutionary Guards were established for exactly this purpose—to thwart any type of home-grown insurrection or CIA-conceived coup d’état. Iran’s Revolutionary Guards Vow To Crush Dissent As Protests Extend Into Fourth Day

Read more:  Iran Regime Change 2.0: C.I.A. Attempting To Overthrow Yet Another Administration In Tehran


Iran Earthquake in 2015 – Kashmar

The Zionist Plan for the Middle East, also known as the Yinon Plan, is an Israeli strategic plan to ensure Israeli regional superiority. It insists and stipulates that Israel must reconfigure its geo-political environment through the balkanization of the surrounding Arab states into smaller and weaker states. Reach of a “Greater Israel”When viewed in the current context, the war on Iraq, the 2006 war on Lebanon, the 2011 war on Libya, the ongoing war on Syria, not to mention the process of regime change in Egypt, must be understood in relation to the Zionist Plan for the Middle East. The latter consists in weakening and eventually fracturing neighboring Arab states as part of an Israeli expansionist project. “Greater Israel” consists in an area extending from the Nile Valley to the Euphrates.

Shift of Power Time Line:

McMaster solidifies power at NSC, supports Iran deal and sees Israel as an ‘occupier’  August 7, 2017

Netanyahu in a Bind    August 30, 2017

Russia warns Israel not to attack Iran in Syria  September 2, 2017

A New Provocation: US Establishes First Permanent Military Base Inside of Israel  September 19, 2017

Israeli Ambassador Pushes Potential War with Iran to Elite U.S. powerbrokers October 7, 2017

Trump Orders Feared NGA To “Neutralize” CIA As Massive Child-Sex Scandal Ignites Death Fears  October 26, 2017

Israel-dominated U.S. Congress Passes Four More Anti-Iran Bills + The Iran Nuke Psyop (Iran has nuclear warheads)  October 28, 2017

U.S. Lawmakers Aim to Comply with Iran Nuclear Deal: EU (Power Shift)  November 8, 2017

Police to Prepare Indictments against Netanyahu   November 13, 2017

Iran Nuke Test Stops World In Tracks As Top Saudi Prince Linked To Las Vegas Massacre Shooter  November 14, 2017

Phil Giraldi – Saudi Arabia and Israel want to drag US into war against Iran  November 14, 2017 – Former CIA agent Phil Giraldi reports

Iran Envoy: IP Gas Pipeline Vital for Meeting Pakistan’s Energy Needs  November 22, 2017

US President Donald Trump’s call urging other countries to refrain from purchasing oil from Iran has had no impact on the Islamic Republic’s exports, said Iran’s Oil Minister Bijan Namdar Zanganeh on Wednesday. Trump wrote in a statement on November 18 that because there is enough supply of oil from other countries, it is possible to limit the purchase of oil and its derivatives from Iran, IRNA reported.  November 22, 2017

Iran to Invest in Uzbekistan and Tajikistan  November 22, 2017

Quake Rocks Southern Iran  November 23, 2017

Revealed: US spy operation that manipulates social media

Military’s ‘sock puppet’ software creates fake online identities to spread pro-American propaganda:

The US military is developing software that will let it secretly manipulate social media sites by using fake online personas to influence internet conversations and spread pro-American propaganda.

A Californian corporation has been awarded a contract with United States Central Command (Centcom), which oversees US armed operations in the Middle East and Central Asia, to develop what is described as an “online persona management service” that will allow one US serviceman or woman to control up to 10 separate identities based all over the world.

Read more:  Revealed: US spy operation that manipulates social media

See also:  HR-5736 Smith Mundt Modernization Act of 2012 – Legalized Propaganda in the United States

America’s Jews Are Driving America’s Wars

As the CIA knows perfectly well, and as I (Michael Shrimpton) stated in my book Spyhunter as long ago as 2014, Iran already has nukes. Diplomats and the media have obsessed, and I mean obsessed, over Iran’s enriched uranium program, at the expense of her far more advanced plutonium program.

The United States is shooting itself in the foot, and is trying desperately to hold on to the petro dollar. The EU has numerous economic engagements in Iran and the US will find itself shut out of Iranian markets if the US Congress (controlled by Israel’s AIPAC lobby) insists on sanctions. As Ron Paul stated in his 2012 bid for the US Presidency, “We’re killing our customers”. In fact, the US is killing itself economically, and that is by design.

Gordon Duff, Senior Editor of, explains that Iran already has nuclear warheads, and neither the USA or Israel can win an air war or ground war with Iran:

Rolling coverage of Iran Nuclear deal

Video (mirrored) published October 13, 2017 courtesy of PressTV News Videos

Background information on the USA’s Iran Contra scandal:  Chip Tatum – Presidential Secrets- Iran-Contra & CIA drug trafficking

How a United Iran, Russia and China are Changing The World – For the Better


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