C4I TECHNOLOGY DIVISION HDQ, Tzrifin Base, Israel — A principal architect of the Israeli military’s cyber defense force says Israel can play a key role in creation of an operational alliance — similar to that of NATO, but global in scope — to collectively defend against global cyber threats.
“We’re thinking of a military type of coalition that will co-defend like-minded nations … If you like, in a very coarse and indelicate comparison, like Article 5 of NATO; like a Cyber Article 5,” said Israel Defense Forces (IDF) Brig. Gen. Daniel Bren, head of the Technological R&D and Mission Support Division of the J6 C4I Directorate.
In a Dec. 8 interview, Bren said that the IDF, while a regional power in the kinetic and maneuvering sense, must be a global power in the cyber domain.
Israel’s former Soviet immigrants transform adopted country
Russian-speaking Jews who arrived over the past 20 years have integrated little, but influenced everything from culture to politics
August 17, 2011
by Harriet Sherwood
At Bar Putin, in the heart of Jerusalem, you can down vodka shots in homage to the former Russian president. In Ashdod – also known as Little Moscow – you might pop into the Tiv Ta’am supermarket for pork and black bread. On Israeli TV there’s Channel 9 if you want to watch broadcasts in the mother tongue round the clock.
The million-plus citizens of the former Soviet Union who migrated to Israel in the past 20 years have not only made new lives of their own but they have transformed their adopted country. They have influenced the culture, hi-tech industry, language, education and, perhaps most significantly, Israeli politics.
Jews in the former Soviet Union were largely banned from making aliya – migrating to Israel – before the collapse of the empire. But from 1990 onwards they came in their thousands, and they now constitute around 15% of Israel’s 7.7 million population.
Strictly speaking not all of them are Jewish. In traditional Judaism only someone whose mother is Jewish or who has undergone a formal conversion to Judaism is a Jew. But from 1990 anyone from the former Soviet Union who had a Jewish father or grandparent, or who was married to someone meeting those criteria, was granted Israeli citizenship under the country’s law of return.
According to Israel’s Central Bureau of Statistics around 30% of immigrants from the former Soviet Union in the 1990s were not Jews or not considered Jewish under Orthodox law. In 2005 that figure leapt to 59%. Only around 5% of the non-Jews have converted.
February 12, 2018
Israeli companies can now bid for defense tenders worth an estimated $4.5 billion.
See also: EU-NATO Cyber Security and Defense
Trump to Raise Israel’s NATO Status, Top up Its Armaments and Expand US Military Presence
June 7, 2018
by DEBKA Weekly
President Donald Trump is putting together an elaborate plan for elevating Israel’s NATO standing, upgrading its war arsenal and expanding the US military presence in that country. These plans run directly contrary to the position voiced this week by North Atlantic Alliance Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg. He said that NATO will not support Israel if it is attacked by Iran, since “the [alliance’s] security guarantee does not apply to Israel” which is not part of the alliance. In an interview to the German Der Spiegel, Stoltenberg stressed that NATO has no interest in involving itself in Middle East conflicts. This was a message to the alliance’s leading members that the secretary general has no part in Trump’s Iran strategy and partnership with Israel, to both of which they take strong exception. This week, Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu visited Berlin, Paris and London, for an effort to dent the conflicting views on the issue held by Chancellor Angela Merkel, President Emmanuel Macron and Prime Minister Theresa May. None of them was ready to budge.
However, even Stoltenberg had to admit that there is scant hope of the 2015 “Iran deal” surviving after the US withdrawal – despite the trio’s diplomatic efforts – and that he was concerned that Iran’s “funding of terror contributes to the region’s instability.”
Stoltenberg was moved to speak out in the hope of stalling two events: Even before Tehran announced a decision to expand nuclear enrichment on Tuesday, June 5, speculation was rife in the Middle East that the US and Israel would soon launch a joint military offensive against Iran.
In addition, DEBKA Weekly’s military and intelligence sources can reveal that President Trump is preparing to elevate Israel’s status in the alliance, while also expanding the presence of US troops in the country and topping up the IDF war arsenal. These steps indicate preparations for war.
Stoltenberg and the key NATO West European leaders strongly disapprove of the US partnering a non-member Israel for a possible strike on Iran’s nuclear facilities, leaving them out of the action. The NATO secretary therefore sees stormy weather ahead for the North Atlantic Alliance. The climate in Brussels will not be improved by the six unprecedented steps which our sources reveal Trump has in store for enhancing Israel’s military capabilities:
- Raising Israel from “major non-NATO ally“ to member of the Partnership for Interoperability Initiative (PII), as the sixth member of this exclusive club, alongside Australia, Finland, Georgia, Jordan and Sweden. Israel’s clearance for shared intelligence will be comparable to that of Australia, the UK and New Zealand. The Partnership established at the Wales Summit in 2014 aimed to deepen long years of cooperation among the partners and allow them to contribute to the management of future crises including NATO-led operations and the NATO Response Force.
- The US Mediterranean fleet will establish a permanent presence in the Israeli ports of Haifa and Ashdod, instead of occasional visits. US Navy aircraft carriers and Aegis destroyers will be berthed there. The Lockheed Martin Aegis Combat System is an integrated naval weapons system developed by the Missile and Surface Radar Division. It uses powerful computer and radar technology to track and guide weapons for destroying enemy targets. Aegis is now part of NATO’s European missile defense system.
In 2017, the US established its first official, permanent military base in Israel. Stationed atop Mt. Keren deep in the southern Negev desert, it is administered by the US military’s European Command and includes barracks, offices and support services. Its mission is to monitor Iranian airspace 1,000 miles to the northeast for any sign of a missile launch. The THAAD radar atop Mt. Keren is the most advanced mobile radar array in use today.
In military terms, this weapon began life as the Forward-based X-Band Radar Transportable (FBX-T) system; it evolved into the Army Navy/Transportable Radar Surveillance, AN/TPY-2. This high-resolution, X-band radar array has been integrated into missile interceptor systems like the Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS) and Terminal High Altitude Area Defense – known as the THAAD radar. AN/TPY-2 may take its cues from nearby Aegis sites or overhead early warning spy satellites, as well as taking command of the Aegis systems or launching a ground-based interceptor against incoming threats, especially when they come from Iran.
The entire radar system is a component of the European-based US missile shield and will operate in sync with the US Aegis combat systems to be deployed along Israel’s Mediterranean coast, thereby extending to Israel the US shield against potential missile attack – not just from the east but also from the west.
- The Israel Air Force will receive an additional increment of CH-52E Super Stallion cargo helicopters which are in service with the US 22nd Marine Expeditionary Unit. The IAF will also be reinforced with new Boeing K-46 aerial refueling tankers.
- The Israeli army will be supplied with a large quantity of GVU-39s, which are small diameter, 110kg precision-guided glide bombs, that enable bombers to carry a large number of accurate bombs in their holds.
- The Israeli Navy will be provided with semi-submersible Alligator-class commando boats, a new semi-stealth submarine manufactured at the Oregon Iron Works.
- The US will top up its own war reserve stock of weapons and ammo at the Negev base. This reserve pre-positions supplies of war materiel ready for use if needed for war. It includes a Strategic Petroleum Reserve in case of need.
All in all, the Trump administration is providing Israel and its armed forces with the military resources for preparing for war of a quality and quantity far in excess of those possessed by NATO’s members.