Benjamin Netanyahu –
C4I TECHNOLOGY DIVISION HDQ, Tzrifin Base, Israel — A principal architect of the Israeli military’s cyber defense force says Israel can play a key role in creation of an operational alliance — similar to that of NATO, but global in scope — to collectively defend against global cyber threats.
“We’re thinking of a military type of coalition that will co-defend like-minded nations … If you like, in a very coarse and indelicate comparison, like Article 5 of NATO; like a Cyber Article 5,” said Israel Defense Forces (IDF) Brig. Gen. Daniel Bren, head of the Technological R&D and Mission Support Division of the J6 C4I Directorate.
In a Dec. 8 interview, Bren said that the IDF, while a regional power in the kinetic and maneuvering sense, must be a global power in the cyber domain.
Israel’s former Soviet immigrants transform adopted country
Russian-speaking Jews who arrived over the past 20 years have integrated little, but influenced everything from culture to politics
August 17, 2011
by Harriet Sherwood
At Bar Putin, in the heart of Jerusalem, you can down vodka shots in homage to the former Russian president. In Ashdod – also known as Little Moscow – you might pop into the Tiv Ta’am supermarket for pork and black bread. On Israeli TV there’s Channel 9 if you want to watch broadcasts in the mother tongue round the clock.
The million-plus citizens of the former Soviet Union who migrated to Israel in the past 20 years have not only made new lives of their own but they have transformed their adopted country. They have influenced the culture, hi-tech industry, language, education and, perhaps most significantly, Israeli politics.
Jews in the former Soviet Union were largely banned from making aliya – migrating to Israel – before the collapse of the empire. But from 1990 onwards they came in their thousands, and they now constitute around 15% of Israel’s 7.7 million population.
Strictly speaking not all of them are Jewish. In traditional Judaism only someone whose mother is Jewish or who has undergone a formal conversion to Judaism is a Jew. But from 1990 anyone from the former Soviet Union who had a Jewish father or grandparent, or who was married to someone meeting those criteria, was granted Israeli citizenship under the country’s law of return.
According to Israel’s Central Bureau of Statistics around 30% of immigrants from the former Soviet Union in the 1990s were not Jews or not considered Jewish under Orthodox law. In 2005 that figure leapt to 59%. Only around 5% of the non-Jews have converted.
FOUNDING ACT ON MUTUAL RELATIONS, COOPERATION AND SECURITY BETWEEN NATO AND THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
It’s Time for a NATO-China Council
August 21, 2019
by Barry Pavel and Ian Brzezinski
Such a group would help to collectively engage Beijing, which prefers to deal with countries in isolation.
On a recent visit to Australia, NATO Secretary General Stoltenberg said that China is a growing concern for NATO not because NATO wants to go to the Pacific but because China is coming to Europe. He is right. The Alliance should establish a “NATO China Council,” a structural mechanism for dialogue with China to increase transparency and mutual understanding, raise concerns, avoid miscalculations and foster, where possible, cooperation. Here’s why.
The striking growth in Chinese activities in and around Europe over the last two years has propelled the Asian giant to the top of U.S.and European security officials’ agendas. Such activities include Huawei’s efforts to increase its share of European and North American digital infrastructure; predatory economic activity as part of its globe-spanning Belt and Road Initiative, which includes Europe and its environs; massive cyber espionage and theft of Western intellectual property; increasing activity in Arctic areas, including those adjacent to NATO borders; joint exercises with the Russian military, not just in the Pacific and Central Asia but also in the Nordic-Baltic region; increasing ownership of major European seaports (e.g., Trieste) and investment in maritime facilities critical to NATO and the U.S. Navy (e.g., Naples); and much more.
For these and other reasons, the European Commission named China a “systemic rival” in an important policy document earlier this year. In short, Europe and the United States have woken up to the growing, global, multi-dimensional Chinese political, economic, technological, and security challenge. Now they are working together to find the best way to manage it.
NATO needs to do its part to dissuade Beijing from undermining the security of Europe and North America and to shape a more cooperative and constructive relationship between China and the West. Seventeen years ago, the alliance established a NATO-Russia Council for similar purposes. It’s time to propose a NATO-China Council. The advantages would be many.
First, a Council would recognize and respond to the growing reality of Chinese influence and reach into and around Europe and beyond, and to the implications of these actions for Euro-Atlantic security interests, including the sustainment of a global rules-based international order.
The Council would spur the alliance to more seriously address China’s growing threats to NATO interests in Europe, in the Arctic, and, yes, in the Asia-Pacific. The most effective strategy by the West to engage China and to counter Chinese aggression will involve transatlantic collaboration, not just in the political and economic realms but also in the military domain. There is no better institution to promote the latter than NATO.
Further, the Council also would let China know that its actions risk the ire of the West as a whole. While Beijing prefers to deal with other countries one at a time, the NATO-China Council would align all 29 alliance members in a dialogue with China. It would make clear to China that the growing “great-power competition” is not a contest between the United States and China, but one that involves the U.S. and its NATO allies all aligned together, bound by common values, interests, and history.
The new council also would reinforce NATO’s deterrence of Russian coercion by making clear to Moscow
that China’s growing global power will marginalize Russian interests and relevance.
A NATO China Council need not be driven solely by a confrontational relationship between the Euro-Atlantic community and Beijing. It can be a step a toward a deeper and more cooperative relationship, just as the NATO-Ukraine and NATO-Georgia Commissions have fostered closer partnerships.
When NATO makes this proposal, China will initially demur. But over time, Beijing will increase its engagement, realizing that having open communications with the world’s most powerful military alliance will be an important means for avoiding conflict and crisis in the decades to come.
Source: It’s Time for a NATO-China Council<
February 12, 2018
by Tal Schneider
Israeli companies can now bid for defense tenders worth an estimated $4.5 billion.
Ambassador of Israel to the European Union (EU) and NATO Aharon Leshno-Yaar this week signed a logistics agreement with the NATO Support and Procurement Agency (NSPA). The agreement is a breakthrough for Israeli companies in the cyber, optics, defense, and software sectors; it enables Israeli companies to compete in NATO tenders and be part of NATO’s database of authorized exporters, thereby opening many doors to Israeli companies choosing to operate in this channel.Israel Defense and Military Attache to the Netherlands, EU, and NATO Colonel Arik Hen also attended the signing.
SIBAT (Ministry of Defense International Defense Cooperation Authority) representative Merav Dar went to Brussels to finish up the final details of the agreement. Registration in NATO’s authorized database of suppliers will take place through SIBAT according to a database of 700 registered Israeli companies. NSPA’s corresponding database will be managed from Brussels.Talking with “Globes” from Brussels, Leshno-Yaar said that the agreement was “the culmination of several years of work. NSPA coordinates work with NATO countries’ armies, and this is the ideal way for Israeli industries to get a foothold in various projects.”Lesho-Yaar said that all supervision would be conducted through SIBAT in Israel, which would transfer the information to the relevant companies and help open doors to various projects.
“NATO greatly values the IDF’s military capabilities and the Israeli defense industries, and wants this connection,” he added.The tenders have great potential, but NATO member countries have the right to ask that bids be restricted to defense businesses operating in NATO countries. Israel, which is not a NATO member, has the status of a “non-NATO ally.”The procurement agreement is something new in relations between Israel and NATO. Israel estimates the value of deals likely to be opened to Israeli companies by the agreement at $4.5 billion.
It is assumed that most of the tenders to be opened to Israeli companies will come from small NATO members, not from the US.NSPA general manager Peter Dohmen, who signed the agreement together with Leshno-Yaar, said in his announcement, “This cooperation agreement will enable the further discussions between our Agency’s logistics experts, and will not only benefit Israel, but can also offer potential economies of scale to other NATO Support and Procurement Organization (NSPO) nations.
”Relations between Israel and NATO have been cold in recent years, following the Mavi Marmara flotilla incident. Turkey, a prominent NATO member, delayed all NATO activity with Israel. Only after a compromise agreement was signed with Turkey was the road paved for progress by Israel’s representatives to NATO, and the agreement signed last week is part of this progress.
Published by Globes [online], Israel Business News – www.globes-online.com – on February 12, 2018© Copyright of Globes Publisher Itonut (1983) Ltd. 2018
See also: EU-NATO Cyber Security and Defense
Trump to Raise Israel’s NATO Status, Top up Its Armaments and Expand US Military Presence
June 7, 2018
by DEBKA Weekly
President Donald Trump is putting together an elaborate plan for elevating Israel’s NATO standing, upgrading its war arsenal and expanding the US military presence in that country. These plans run directly contrary to the position voiced this week by North Atlantic Alliance Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg. He said that NATO will not support Israel if it is attacked by Iran, since “the [alliance’s] security guarantee does not apply to Israel” which is not part of the alliance. In an interview to the German Der Spiegel, Stoltenberg stressed that NATO has no interest in involving itself in Middle East conflicts. This was a message to the alliance’s leading members that the secretary general has no part in Trump’s Iran strategy and partnership with Israel, to both of which they take strong exception. This week, Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu visited Berlin, Paris and London, for an effort to dent the conflicting views on the issue held by Chancellor Angela Merkel, President Emmanuel Macron and Prime Minister Theresa May. None of them was ready to budge.
However, even Stoltenberg had to admit that there is scant hope of the 2015 “Iran deal” surviving after the US withdrawal – despite the trio’s diplomatic efforts – and that he was concerned that Iran’s “funding of terror contributes to the region’s instability.”
Stoltenberg was moved to speak out in the hope of stalling two events: Even before Tehran announced a decision to expand nuclear enrichment on Tuesday, June 5, speculation was rife in the Middle East that the US and Israel would soon launch a joint military offensive against Iran.
In addition, DEBKA Weekly’s military and intelligence sources can reveal that President Trump is preparing to elevate Israel’s status in the alliance, while also expanding the presence of US troops in the country and topping up the IDF war arsenal. These steps indicate preparations for war.
Stoltenberg and the key NATO West European leaders strongly disapprove of the US partnering a non-member Israel for a possible strike on Iran’s nuclear facilities, leaving them out of the action. The NATO secretary therefore sees stormy weather ahead for the North Atlantic Alliance. The climate in Brussels will not be improved by the six unprecedented steps which our sources reveal Trump has in store for enhancing Israel’s military capabilities:
- Raising Israel from “major non-NATO ally“ to member of the Partnership for Interoperability Initiative (PII), as the sixth member of this exclusive club, alongside Australia, Finland, Georgia, Jordan and Sweden. Israel’s clearance for shared intelligence will be comparable to that of Australia, the UK and New Zealand. The Partnership established at the Wales Summit in 2014 aimed to deepen long years of cooperation among the partners and allow them to contribute to the management of future crises including NATO-led operations and the NATO Response Force.
- The US Mediterranean fleet will establish a permanent presence in the Israeli ports of Haifa and Ashdod, instead of occasional visits. US Navy aircraft carriers and Aegis destroyers will be berthed there. The Lockheed Martin Aegis Combat System is an integrated naval weapons system developed by the Missile and Surface Radar Division. It uses powerful computer and radar technology to track and guide weapons for destroying enemy targets. Aegis is now part of NATO’s European missile defense system.
In 2017, the US established its first official, permanent military base in Israel. Stationed atop Mt. Keren deep in the southern Negev desert, it is administered by the US military’s European Command and includes barracks, offices and support services. Its mission is to monitor Iranian airspace 1,000 miles to the northeast for any sign of a missile launch. The THAAD radar atop Mt. Keren is the most advanced mobile radar array in use today.
In military terms, this weapon began life as the Forward-based X-Band Radar Transportable (FBX-T) system; it evolved into the Army Navy/Transportable Radar Surveillance, AN/TPY-2. This high-resolution, X-band radar array has been integrated into missile interceptor systems like the Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS) and Terminal High Altitude Area Defense – known as the THAAD radar. AN/TPY-2 may take its cues from nearby Aegis sites or overhead early warning spy satellites, as well as taking command of the Aegis systems or launching a ground-based interceptor against incoming threats, especially when they come from Iran.
The entire radar system is a component of the European-based US missile shield and will operate in sync with the US Aegis combat systems to be deployed along Israel’s Mediterranean coast, thereby extending to Israel the US shield against potential missile attack – not just from the east but also from the west.
- The Israel Air Force will receive an additional increment of CH-52E Super Stallion cargo helicopters which are in service with the US 22nd Marine Expeditionary Unit. The IAF will also be reinforced with new Boeing K-46 aerial refueling tankers.
- The Israeli army will be supplied with a large quantity of GVU-39s, which are small diameter, 110kg precision-guided glide bombs, that enable bombers to carry a large number of accurate bombs in their holds.
- The Israeli Navy will be provided with semi-submersible Alligator-class commando boats, a new semi-stealth submarine manufactured at the Oregon Iron Works.
- The US will top up its own war reserve stock of weapons and ammo at the Negev base. This reserve pre-positions supplies of war materiel ready for use if needed for war. It includes a Strategic Petroleum Reserve in case of need.
All in all, the Trump administration is providing Israel and its armed forces with the military resources for preparing for war of a quality and quantity far in excess of those possessed by NATO’s members.